The launch of the African Centre of Excellence for Inequality Research has firmly inserted the African voice on this research agenda for what is most likely the biggest social challenge of the century. The Centre is the result of the Poverty & Inequality Initiative’s successful bid last year to the African Research Universities Alliance in partnership with the University of Ghana and the University of Nairobi, and with start-up funding from the Agence Française de Développement.
Energy sources, their cost to the poor, and the impact of energy usage on the climate – these are key areas of concern for the 21st century. Sustainable Development Goal 7 sets targets for affordable, reliable, sustainable and clean energy, while – at a local level – the National Development Plan maps out South Africa’s transitioning to a low carbon economy by 2030. These are policy areas to which the research of Prof. Harald Winkler, based at UCT’s Energy Research Centre, has contributed at national and international levels for more than a decade. His internationally acclaimed research has shown that the costs of transitioning to low carbon energy need not be a drain on poor households.
As poverty and inequality are closely interrelated with health and the health system, there is much potential for the health system to help address structural poverty and persistent inequalities, especially in the way in which the health system is financed and the level of public spending on health services. Prof. Di McIntyre, who was based until her retirement end of 2017 at the UCT’s Health Economics Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, and her colleague, A/Prof. John Ataguba, point out that the country’s health care financing mechanisms are not realising their redistributive potential. Prof. McIntyre, who was one of the PII’s key contributors to the Mandela Initiative process, addressed these dynamics in relation to universal health care as embodied by the new National Health Insurance policy in her valedictory lecture.
The Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit (SALDRU), School of Economics, recently hosted a seminar on the effects of top incomes on inequality in South Africa. The seminar was led by PhD candidate Janina Hundenborn, who presented the results of a novel technique to identify the optimal method of combining tax administration with household survey data from the National Income Dynamics Study.